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Cord Blood Storing and Transplant in India
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Umbilical Cord Stem Cell Banking is now in India. LifeCell, in collaboration with CRYO-CELL International, USA facilitates the cryogenic preservation of Stem Cells at its unique facility in Chennai.

Your baby's umbilical cord, which is usually cut at the time of delivery and discarded - is a rich source of Stem Cells. Stem Cells are the building blocks of our body. They have the unique ability to regenerate/ reproduce into over 200 types of tissues.

So, when you preserve your baby's cord blood Stem Cells with LifeCell, you ensure your family the gift of life.

Success stories:

Bone marrow Stem Cell treatment saves loss of lower limb (Hindu - Chennai, India ) Chennai, Oct 22. (PTI): Perhaps for the first time in the country, a private hospital has saved a diabetic, suffering from critical limb ischemia, the loss of a lower limb by bone marrow stem cell treatment. "The 68-year-old woman, hailing from Andhra Pradesh and suffering from critical ischemia, with a very large ulcer at the left calf and foot and advised amputation of the left lower limb, sucessfully underwent autologous (one's own) bone marrow stem cell treatment at the vascular department of the city's Vijaya Hospital" the hospital's chief vascular surgeon Dr S R Subrammaniyan told a press conference here today.

He said the woman's ulcer healed 60 days later. A new blood vessel formation improved circulation to the affected leg.

Stating that bypass surgery to salvage the limb was ruled out due to the advanced condition, Subrammaniyan, who was assisted by a team of doctors, said the patient's bone marrow was tapped under general anesthesia and was injected into the affected portion of the woman's calf muscle. A month later the dose of 100ml of bone marrow was repeated.

The healing process commenced very rapidly and health granulation started covering the previously ischemic portion, he said, adding that close to 40 per cent of the foot area, 20 per cent of the calf area and 100 per cent of the lateral wound had been covered with skin. The remaining portion was treated with skin grafting and could successfully heal. "The patient is now able to use her left foot," he said.

Stating that the treatment alone would cost about Rs 50,000, he claimed that by 2015 about 20 per cent of the country's population would be diabetics. "Today it is about four per cent," he said.
Saved by Sibling's Stem Cell

When Julie and Jonathan Henderson found out that their two-year old son Nicolas had T-cell lymphoma, they were devastated. They had just found out that Julie was pregnant, and what was supposed to be an exciting time preparing for the new baby, turned into months of doctor visits, hospital stays and chemotherapy. After Nicolas' chemotherapy failed to work, the Henderson's doctor tried a relatively new transplant procedure using Stem Cells taken from the umbilical cord blood of their newborn baby, Nathaniel. They worked with CRYO-CELL International Inc., the world's largest and fastest growing U-Cord Stem Cell banking firm, to process, test and store Nathaniel's umbilical cord blood. Today, Nicolas is a happy, energetic four-year-old, who is in remission. He and his baby brother Nathaniel share a special bond.
Paralysed woman walks after 20 years

Hwang Mi-Soon, 37, had been bed-ridden since damaging her back in an accident two decades ago. Mi-Soon's treatment with Stem Cell therapy has come to be the world's first published case in which, a patient with spinal cord injuries has been successfully treated with Stem Cells from umbilical cord blood.

Stem Cell Injections at AIIMS, Delhi The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi has pioneered a Stem Cell treatment in which patients are injected with the cells to improve their condition. The path-breaking treatment is the result of two years of research conducted from February 2003 to January 2005 at India's premier medical research institute, the Times of India newspaper reported. Stem Cells are versatile cells that have the ability to grow into any kind of tissue in the skin, heart, liver or any other organ leading to regeneration. According to the institute's director, Dr. P. Vengugopal, a total of 35 patients with heart conditions that could not be treated by bypass surgery were injected with Stem Cells at AIIMS in 2003. After six months, 56 per cent of dead heart muscles in all the patients revived and after 18 months the revival was 64 per cent. There was no mortality among the patients, all of whom were at the stage when a heart transplant seemed to be the only answer. Two patients suffering from chronic diabetes, requiring 36 units of insulin daily were injected with Stem Cells and now needed only half a tablet daily. Dr. Venugopal said patients suffering from muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy were also being treated with Stem Cell injections. The treatment would also be tested on immune disorders and cancer. The Stem Cells used for the treatment are extracted from the patient's bone marrow or taken from the umbilical cord of a new born.

Thus the potential for the future is immense. This is particularly so for India, where every kind of disease occurs and people are often diagnosed at a late stage. This is where the regenerative aspects of Stem Cell are very helpful, says Dr. Venugopal. A national Stem Cell centre is being set up at AIIMS which would coordinate the research findings and its applications.

About Cord Blood:

Cord blood, which is also called "placental blood," is the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta following birth and after the cord is cut. Cord blood is routinely discarded with the placenta and umbilical cord.

Your baby's umbilical cord blood is a valuable source of stem cells, which are genetically unique to your baby and family.

About Stem Cell:

Stem cells are the body's "master" cells because they create all other tissues, organs, and systems in the body. The stem cells found in cord blood are the building blocks of your blood and immune system and most readily reproduce into:

Red Blood Cells - which carry oxygen to all the cells in the body
White Blood Cells - which fight infection
Platelets - which aid in clotting in the event of injury

There are three sources where stem cells are commonly found, they are:
+ Bone Marrow
+ Peripheral Blood (the blood that circulates through your body)
+ Umbilical Cord Blood

The ability of cord blood stem cells to differentiate, or change into other types of cells in the body is a new discovery that holds significant promise for improving the treatment of some of the most common diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and Alzheimer's.

Today, stem cell therapy is a major breakthrough in regenerative medical research. Stem cells have the potential to help cure many life-threatening ailments like leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, anemia, inherited disorders and all other deficiencies of the immune system. Lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, liver disorders and heart ailments can also be treated with stem cells.

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The Advantage of Cord Blood collection and its storage
Cord blood stem cells have many significant advantages over other sources of stem cells like bone marrow. Cord blood stem cells are:

  • More tolerant of tissue mismatches

  • Have a lower risk of severe graft-vs-host disease (a major complication in stem cell transplants)

  • Rarely contaminated with latent viruses

Cord blood is also "privileged" or unexposed to most diseases that make bone marrow from an adult more difficult to use in transplantation.

More importantly, cord blood from your baby is a perfect match for your child, if it ever should be needed, and has a 1 - in - 4 chance of matching a current or future sibling. Childbirth is thus a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to collect and preserve these stem cells and harness what is otherwise discarded as bio-medical waste.

So, when you preserve your baby's cord blood stem cells, you ensure your family the gift of life.

Processing Cord Blood
the stem cells are separated from the red blood cells and plasma instead of freezing the blood as a whole. This method produces cells with greater viability and is preferred by Physicians, because it minimizes the risk of blood type (ABO) incompatibility later.

Once the stem cells are separated from the red blood cells and plasma, they are placed in 5ml cryovials in preparation for freezing and storage. The designated Cord Blood registry uses a small amount of your baby’s own plasma and Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) to protect the cells. The DMSO solution can be spun out of the cell in the future, when it is needed for transplant.

Your baby's cord blood sample is stored in multiple cryovials. On an average, we store cryovials of each cord blood sample. This provides the families a significant benefit in the future, since the cells may be used for more than one treatment.

Each vial is bar coded and clearly marked with: Cord Blood Identifying Number, Account Number, Date of Processing and Contents. Each vial is individually wrapped using a cryo sheathing to protect against cross-contamination. Your vials then enter the first stage of the cryopreservation, with a slow-rate introduction to the freezing process. Most of the present day Cord Blood Registry uses this technique of slow-rate introduction to ensure the safety of the cells. The progression to lower and lower temperatures keeps the cells from going into shock from the extreme negative temperature of -196° Celsius.

The preserved cord blood stem cells are, of course, available as a perfect match for the child from whose umbilical cord they were collected. Because there is a 25% chance of a perfect match with a sibling, parents may choose to make the cord blood available to siblings or other family members who may need them. That decision is theirs alone.


Your cord blood sample is tested for bacterial and fungal infections when it arrives at the Cord Blood Registry lab. All expectant mothers will be sending 2 vials of blood (included in the kit) with the baby's cord blood sample, to facilitate testing the blood for infectious disease markers. This is a mandatory requirement of cord blood banking regulations.


Your baby’s cells are secure at Cord Blood Registry state-of-the-art storage facility, which is monitored 24 hours a day with a high-tech alarm system and back-up generators. Our computer system constantly monitors and tracks your vials at all times. You can rest assured that your baby’s cord blood is in the hands of Cord Blood Registry's experienced laboratory and cellular storage personnel.

Cord blood stem cells are preferred over bone marrow stem cells (for transplantation) and have already been used to treat numerous types of malignancies including certain kinds of leukemia, Hodgkin's disease and other types of lymphoma. It has also been used for the treatment of a variety of anemia, inherited metabolic disorders and deficiencies of the immune system.
Umbilical cord blood stem cell was first used for transplantation in 1988, in France, for a patient with Fanconi's anemia. Since that time, cord blood stem cell has been increasingly used as a substitute for bone marrow in thousand of successful transplants.

Cord blood stem cell transplants are known to be as successful as bone marrow in the cases in which they have been used. Moreover cord blood has other advantages over bone marrow, including ease of collection and better tolerance of HLA mismatches.

An easy guide to some of the scientific terminology.

This takes place after birth and is the process of collecting umbilical cord blood stem cells using a tube with a needle on one end and a bag on the other. .

Cord blood
This is the blood contained within the umbilical cord and placenta.

The process of freezing cord blood stem cells, at very low temperatures using special techniques, so that it is safely stored for long periods of time.

Dual banking
This is Cord Blood Bank’s new type of stem cell banking where cord blood stem cells are stored in two banks – a private bank holding the baby’s stem cells just for them and their family, and a public bank. , which could help anyone needing donated stem cells. We believe that our dual private and public bank offers more potential benefits to more people. It increases the availability of cord blood stem cell units for treatments today and ensures that people still have access to their own stem cells for regenerative medicine in the future

Maternal blood
Blood taken from the mother, which is completely separate to the blood taken from the umbilical cord.

Private bank
Generally a private cord blood bank will collect and store your baby’s umbilical cord blood stem cells exclusively for the future use of your family. The private part of the Cord Blood Bank in India does the same thing. However, in addition, we store part of your baby’s cord blood in our publicly accessible cord blood bank where many other peoples cord blood stem cells could provide a matched allogeneic transplant. This is why now-a-days in India we hear of a Cord Blood Bank as a "dual’ bank.

Public bank
People can donate their baby’s cord blood stem cells to a public bank, much like donating blood, so that they can be used by anyone that needs them. When people choose to do this, there’s no guarantee that any of their baby’s stem cells will be left should they need them in the future. The Indian Cord Blood Bank is different because we also store some of your baby’s stem cells in a private bank so that they are available for your baby and your family.

At Cord Blood Bank in India we test the mother’s blood for six viruses. We also test the baby’s blood to see how many stem cells there are, how healthy they are and what tissue type they have.

For Detailed Dossier on Cord Blood Transplant, please write to us at
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